Further Reading

What is Mono?

by Lyndsey M. Carlson, RPA-C

Mono is an infection most commonly caused by the Epstein Barr virus. It is sometimes referred to as the “kissing disease,” as it is transferred via saliva.

Teens and young adults are most often affected by mono, but most people will become infected with the Epstein Barr virus at some point in their lives. The majority of the time, it will lay dormant in the body and not cause symptoms.  If the virus activates, fever, sore throat, swollen glands, fatigue, and sometimes spleen enlargement can develop.

Because mono is a viral infection, antibiotics are not recommended for treatment.  Rest, fluids, pain relievers, and in some cases, steroids are used to ease symptoms of mono. Children may also be pulled out of gym and sports activities for a period of time if spleen enlargement is present. Symptoms can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks to completely resolve. Diagnosis is done by a simple physical exam and blood work. If you believe your child is experiencing symptoms of mono, call your doctor.